Genes might sound like a teeny, tiny word but the weight it carries in its name is way too much. Everything about you is some way or the other related to your genes. Do you remember the way people say you have your mother’s eyes or your smile is just like your father’ s? Well, it has got to do a lot with your genes. So, when there is a problem, it is some way or the other related to that. Why are we talking so much about genes, today? The subject that we have on hand right now is all about it. So, let us tell you everything you need to know about Down Syndrome.

What is Down Syndrome?

The tiny, little structures that are the key to our DNA genetic codes are called chromosomes. They are present in all the cells of our body. Because of our DNA, we are who we are. The colour of our eyes, hair, skin and every other trait in our body is due to Down Syndrome. Although, the chances of a baby being born with the Down Syndrome is rare it is something that happens. Babies that are born with Down Syndrome have one extra chromosome. This results in the obstruction of development in the physical as well as the mental health of a person. With proper medical attention, even Down Syndrome can be treated today. Otherwise, it is even known to reduce the span of someone’s life.

How is Down Syndrome caused?

Every research and scientific study in the world shows that there is no link between the activities during or before the pregnancy. A mother is by no means responsible for a child being born with Down Syndrome. But, when pregnancy is delayed or a teenage girl is pregnant the chances of the baby being born with Down Syndrome somehow increases.

Reproduction happens when the genes of the parents are passed on to the child. These genes are a part of the chromosome. A child starts to grow in a mother’s womb because of the cell development. Each cell gets forty-six chromosomes, that is twenty-three pairs. Here half of the chromosomes come from the father and the other half from the mother.

A child that is born with Down Syndrome has one extra chromosome in a cell. This happens when the chromosomes fail to separate in two, and a third chromosome joins them. That is why the mental, as well as the physical health of a person, fails to develop.

What are the kinds of Down Syndrome?

Down Syndrome can be categorised into three parts.

  •    Trisomy 21.

The most commonly seen case of Down Syndrome is when there is an extra pair of the chromosome in each cell of the body.

  •    Mosaicism.

The symptoms in Mosaicism isn’t like that of Trisomy 21. One sees far fewer signs here. In this kind of Down Syndrome, the occurrence of the extra chromosome happens in some of the cells and not all of them.

  •    Translocation.

A child born with Translocation Down Syndrome has only one part of the extra chromosome.

Symptoms of Down Syndrome

A mother pregnant with a child that has Down’s syndrome will never feel anything different from a woman who has a healthy child growing inside her. On birth, a child with Down Syndrome will show the below-listed syndromes.

  1.    The features of the face are usually flat.
  2.    Ears and head are smaller than usual.
  3.    The muscle growth is feeble.
  4.    Tongue bulges out.
  5.    The neck is short.
  6.    Upward slanting eyes.

The treatment for Down Syndrome

Although there is hardly any cure for treating Down Syndrome, there are a lot of ways to educate and support children who have Down Syndrome. With proper medical attention, today a person with Down Syndrome can live up to sixty years. For amazing deals and offers, go to

A child can and will learn sensory, self-help, social, cognitive, language, and motor skills. The intellectual or mental ability of a child with Down Syndrome shouldn’t be the reason he or she isn’t in school. They need to develop the socialisation skills just like any other child. A family has to do all the right kind of adjustments to make them feel comfortable and happy.

People who are suffering from Down Syndrome need every bit of love, care and affection from us and everyone around them. We need to make them feel one of us. So, let us put all the effort to make them feel happy.

Jose Valdez

The author Jose Valdez